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China's national big game play was introduced

China national grand theatre is located in the center of Beijing tiananmen square west, west of the great hall of the people, the west changan avenue, south of the main building of the national grand theatre and the north and south on both sides of the underwater corridor, underground parking lot, artificial lake, green space composition, covering a total area of 118900 square meters, with a total construction area of about 165000 square meters, the main building of 105000 China national grand theatre mark square meters, underground subsidiary facilities 60000 square meters, with a total investment of 2.688 billion yuan (grand theatre of the latest digital cost is 3.1 billion yuan RMB).

China national grand theatre is 46.68 meters tall. By the French architect Paul andreu host design, the designer for Paris airport company.

The national grand theatre external for steel structure housing is half ellipsoidal, plane projection direction things long shaft length is 212.20 meters, north and south direction short shaft length is 143.64 meters, building height of 46.285 m, slightly less than the great hall of the people, the most basic part of 3.32 m to 32.5 m, ten floor is so high. The national grand theatre shell by more than 18000 piece of titanium plate joining together, the area more than 30000 square meters, more than 18000 piece of titanium plate, only 4 block shape exactly the same. Titanium plate with special oxidation treatment, the surface of metallic luster extremely simple sense, and 15 years the same color. In the middle is gradually open glass curtain wall, by more than 1200 piece of super white glass clever joining together. Ellipsoid shell around the artificial lake, the lake area of 35500 square meters, all kinds of channel and entry are based in the underwater. Pedestrians have to from a 80 m long underwater channel into performance hall.

The national grand theatre modelling novel, halfback, design is unique, is the traditional and the modern, the combination of romance and reality. The "city in the theater, the theatre of the city" to a new century to beyond imagination of "the lake pearl" quietly appeared.

Internal general view

The national grand theatre has four theater, opera house, between the concert hall, the west side of the west, the south gate is XiJuChang theater, four theater is fully independent and through the air corridor mutually connected. In addition the internal and many theatres and supporting facilities.

Opera house

(1) summary:

The opera house is the national grand theatre in the most magnificent architecture, with gorgeous brilliant golden mass-tone. The main stage opera, ballet, ballet and large-scale theatrical performances.

Opera audience hall has 池座 a layer and building a three layer, a total of 2398 audience (including standing).

The opera house has have push, pull, ascending, descending, turn function of advanced stage, tilting ballet bedplate, can accommodate three wind band lift orchestra pit. The world's leading level of stage machinery equipment for the artist's field performance provides rich may.

(2) stage

The opera stage "goods" glyph stage form, including the main stage, left side stage and the stage.

Stage have push, pull, ascending, descending, turn the five function, can quickly switch sets. The main stage have six lifting table, can the whole lift and separately lifting. Left side table each have six table can be horizontal moving car frame, through with the main stage lifter switch position, can move in scene, also can participate in the performance.

After 15 meters below the stage is apart from the ground, store have a ballet stage bedplate, the main stage lifter decline, ballet stage can be moved to the main stage mesa, used for ballet performances. The largest domestic without gap special ballet bedplate, at the same time also is domestic only can be tilting ballet bedplate, inclined to 5.7 degrees. The use of Oregon ligneous into, and three layer structure to increase elasticity, utmost ground protects ballet dancer's toe.

Above the stage gate top height is 32 meters, the boom, lighting bridge, lighting traversing crane through the wire rope hanging in the air. 61 lines electric boom, 78 sets of track single point crane, 24 table free single point crane, respectively applied for the hanging curtain and flat. Light bridge, lighting, lighting hanger will Chinese 1588 light used to show the lamps and lanterns of the ornament is on the top of the opera stage, lighting quick response, can be in a few seconds transformation model.

(3) orchestra pit

Opera orchestra pit area of 120 square meters, can accommodate 90 people three tube establishment band, but also to the horizontal position into the audience.

In the orchestra pit, especially for command design the special lifting table, command can play in this special way, curtain call.

(4) metope

The opera house in metope installed arc metal net, sound can go through, and metal mesh back wall is polygon, thus formed the visual and auditory space curved polygon, accomplish the architectural acoustics and the perfect combination of theater aesthetics, which makes the reverberation time of 1.6 seconds of admirable effect.

hall

(1) overview

Hall white solemn and respectful, tonal style quiet, pure and fresh and elegant, in order to show large symphony, national music, giving priority to other forms of music performance.

The music hall around the stage around, with 池座 a layer and a second floor, a total of 2019 audience (including standing).

The concert hall in the largest organ.

The concert hall in all building and decoration design for acoustic effect service, realize the architectural aesthetics and the perfect combination of acoustic aesthetics.

(2) the bandstand and the audience

According to the characteristics of the concert hall, the improved shoe box type design, namely sat surrounded by sitting around the stage, the stage in a theater near the center of the area, so that sound can better diffusion and spread.

Hall bandstand in 池座 side, bandstand wide 24 meters, deep 15 meters, can accommodate 120 people use four wind band performance.

Bandstand by fixed mesa and three pieces of play lifting table constitute. Through the control performance knee height change, can form step playing mesa, different Musical Instruments playing clearly demonstrated in front of the audience. In front of the bandstand piano lifting table can be grand piano slowly rising, emerge in the view of the audience in.

To meet the need of large chorus performance, the audience the bandstand 2 seats available for 180 people use chorus.

(3) "town hall of treasure" - organ

Placed in the concert hall organ elegant shape, tone full, is currently the largest domestic, pin number most, the most sound tube, tone, the most abundant one frame, has 94 stops, sound tube of 6500 root.

The organ from the German organ manufacturing family - Johannes grams of rice, and the famous German cologne cathedral organ system the biconditional gate, can satisfy the various schools work performance needs.

The existence of the organ for the concert hall more add elegant gas, therefore is called the hall of the image of the "town hall of the treasure".

(4) the ceiling

The ceiling of the hall is hit to cause a abstract modern art works, irregular shape white matrix a piece of rolling sand dunes, and like the waves wash the beach.

The ceiling looks messy groove actually after a special acoustic design to make the voice can be diffuse reflection, more even and soft. Beautiful ceiling is actually a special sound diffusion decorative board.

Use fiber ceiling plaster molding board is made, and the material of the thick, can effectively prevent the low frequency absorption, enhance the hall in low frequency reverberation time, make the bass effect (such as organ, bassoon, cello, etc.) with more power and influence.

To achieve the sound perfect, in the ceiling of the suspension with a curvature of the shape of the centralized inverse acoustic board, commonly known as "curvature of the inverse acoustic board", it is the role of sound in all directions scattering.

(5) metope

The metope of the concert hall stage around the acoustic diffusion wall, metope is stand up piano keys, uneven relief, irregular arrangement. The bump the size and shape of the calculated by theory accurate, can diffuse reflection from the bandstand voice, security impresario good self and mutual hear hear, be helpful for the band play a better level of performance.

The concert hall, the use of the side wall and ceiling similar sound diffusion decorative, wall surface minor bump effect also specially design. Through these uneven texture, can will sound evenly diffuse reflection to every corner of the space in the concert hall.

In these body under the action of the comprehensive design, hall of reverberation time can reach 2.2 seconds of high quality sound.

XiJuChang

(1) overview

XiJuChang national grand theatre is the most national characteristics of the theatre to Chinese red give priority to tone, silk wall foil gives traditional warm atmosphere. The main stage drama, opera, local opera performance, etc.

XiJuChang audience hall has 池座 a layer and building a three layer, a total of 1035 seats (including standing).

XiJuChang stage has the advanced stage machinery equipment, can put the unique creation into the reality of the performance. Its unique thrust table lip design, very accord with the characteristics of Chinese traditional drama.

(2) stage

XiJuChang stage has the "stretch out type" and "picture frame type" two kinds of style, can cooperate play need to choose to use. "Thrust" stage style, the audience hall in front of the counter rises as part of the stage, forming a thrust table lip, the audience can be more close to watch on the stage performance, very accord with the characteristics of Chinese traditional drama. And when the bedplate not rise, this part of the area can be used as orchestra pit use, then the stage looks like a picture frame, so called "picture frame type" stage style.

XiJuChang stage area mainly points around the stage and auxiliary table. The main stage of installation "drum" turntable, by 13 lifting block and two lifting table composition, can the whole lift and lift separately, but also can create edge lifting edge rotating stage effect, a complete set of stage machinery in the world in the advanced position.

(3) metope

XiJuChang audience hall metope USES and concert hall stage metope similar sound diffusion metope, looks like uneven rolling, irregular permutation column bar. A large number of irregular arrangement of concave and convex chamfer, on the whole, the spread of the formation of sound reflection, can guarantee the uniformity of indoor sound field to make the voice more delightful.

Metope to use special silk cloth to package, has formed by the red give priority to, with yellow, purple, etc and the metope of arrangement pattern. Light on the wall, foil the kind, warm and traditional atmosphere, to create an atmosphere of characteristics of Chinese theatre at the same time, also can have very good sound absorption effect.

theater

(1) overview

Studio theatre is the national grand theatre the most diversity possible multi-function theater, whole is tonal and pure and fresh, elegant style, can adapt to the chamber music, small solo solo, a small theater drama, opera, theater and so on the many kinds of modern dance art door performance.

The theater has a total of 19 row, 556 seats (including activities seat). Studio theatre in September 2009 was completed, in October 2009 was officially opened. It not only enable the completion of further expanded the national grand theatre performance art function, also makes Beijing existing community theater performance function more rich.

(2) stage and the audience

The theater all end type stage. Stage by two pieces of lifting platform, can according to need the whole lift or separately lifting.

Behind the stage of sound barriers and landing toughened glass, can to both ends around fold contraction. For two wall after fully open, with an area of more than 500 square meters of outdoor sinking square garden is like the sight of present, either as the background of the performance, also can be directly as a stage performance, artistic creator into to provide more imagination and play space. The audience seat a total of 556 seats, but according to play for agile adjustment, including electric telescopic stand and exhaust meter 411 seats, the activity seat five rows of meter 145 seats.

(3) the ceiling and metope

Small white relief ceiling and concert hall similar, sound diffusion metope and XiJuChang metope similar, plus a heat and sound insulation effect of partition wall, a variety of body design can make the sound even and soft to diffuse reflection.

| 发布时间:2009.01.31    来源:    查看次数:3292